In early 1861, the great Apache Chief Mangas Coloradas went to a mining camp at Santa Rita in New Mexico. He was going to tell the miners of richer veins nearby. The whites tied him to a tree and flogged him to within an inch of his life.
When the beating was finished, Mangas crept back to his people. He had once been a great supporter of peace with the whites. But after the humiliating incident, Mangas joined his son-in-law Cochise in making war to the death.