It was just three days after three men died in Tombstone’s street fight behind the OK Corral. Ike Clanton—who had run from the battle—decided to take a different tack. He filed murder charges against the Earps and Doc Holliday on October 29, 1881. A preliminary hearing was scheduled for Halloween, October 31. That same day, town fathers suspended Virgil Earp from his marshal position.
Things moved quickly after that. The preliminary hearing turned into a de facto trial. And after a month of testimony and arguments, the defendants were exonerated.