Tom Mix

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Tom Mix

The 1920’s was the golden age of heroes that included, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Red Grange, Gertrude Erdle and Charles Lindbergh but the most famous of them all was Tom Mix.

Mix was Hollywood’s first super star, the ideal hero for the “Roaring Twenties.” Post-World War I audiences wanted to forget world problems and escape into fantasy. His movies were pure frolic and delight. In reality they were more about rodeo-costume flamboyance and Wild West Show acrobatics. He was the man in the white hat who rode into town and battled the bad guys. They were loaded with fist fights, slapstick stunts and pretty ladies. To the relief of his many adolescent fans, he seldom rode off into the sunset with any of them. He reserved those conquests for real life.

By the early 1920’s he was Hollywood’s highest-paid star, making $17,500 a week. Mix also led in the silver screen cowboys in marriages too. He was married five times. There wouldn’t have been a fifth had his fourth been a better marksman. She caught him messing around with another woman and took a shot at him but missed.

Amazingly, he was in his 40’s when he performed the stunts that made him famous. It was said very bone in his body had broken at one time or another.

An advertisement showing Tom’s wounds sustained while rounding up the bad guys claimed he was blown up once, shot twelve times, was injured doing stunts forty-seven times and his body had sustained twenty-two knife wounds.

Mix was born in Mix Run, Pennsylvania, on January 6th, 1880. Mix seemed destined to become a performer. It’s said his parents caught him practicing knife-throwing stunts by having his little sister stand against a wall acting as his “assistant.”

After an enlistment in the Army Mix gave himself an extended furlough. In 1902 he was working at a variety of jobs in the Indian Territory. He had a couple of brief marriages during those years and by 1909 he was on his third one. Around 1912, while working as a bartender in Guthrie, Oklahoma he hired out for the Miller Brothers famous 101 Ranch. It was his first ranch job and soon he was performing as a trick rider in their Wild West show. It wasn’t long before Hollywood beckoned and before long he was starring in westerns.

In 1917 Mix hired out for Fox Studios for $350 a week and by the 1920s he was making $17,500 a week. It was said he spent eighteen thousand a week having a good time.  He eventually made nearly three hundred silent films and nine talkies.

Mix knew he was no John Barrymore and often made fun of his acting ability, asking a director, “Do you want expression number one, two or three?”

His trusty steed, Tony, leaped steep canyons, swam raging rivers, galloped through fire, walked over to a table, picked up Mix’s six shooter and brought it to him. Tony, like his rider had lots of flirtation on the screen with comely colts.  When Tony was almost badly injured during an action scene Mix insisted his horse have a double. It was the only time in movie history the actor did his own stunts but his horse got a double.

In 1922, Tony “The Wonder Horse” became the only horse to star in his own movie. Mix had a supporting role in “Just Tony.”

An overeager agent embellished his biography claiming he was a Texas Ranger; had fought in the Boxer Rebellion in China; the Boer War in South Africa; the Spanish-American War in Cuba; was a U.S. Marshal; and rode with Pancho Villa in Mexico.  Actually, he was none of the above.

In 1929 the genre was declared dead. Lindbergh was the new hero in town. Many experts predicted talkies would be the end of cowboy movie stars whose virtuous character was seen as old fashioned. One critic wrote, “Tom Mix, Hoot Gibson and Ken Maynard had better switch to aeroplanes or retreat to the old actors home.”

He didn’t care for “Talkies” believing they would be the bane of the action films. Contrary to the myth, his voice was fine for them.  His hard living just caught up with him. By 1940, he was sixty years old.

Mix was killed on October 12th, 1940 when his 1937 yellow Cord Phaeton convertible wrecked near Florence, Arizona. Too late he saw barricades on a bridge detour. He swung into a wash, jolting the car, causing an aluminum suitcase to fly up from the back seat, breaking his neck. He got out, took one step and dropped dead. Tony died two years later.

What do you think?

Marshall Trimble

Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and the Wild West History Association’s vice president. His latest book is 2018’s Arizona Oddities: A Land of Anomalies and Tamales. Send your question, with your city/state of residence, to marshall.trimble@scottsdalecc.edu or Ask the Marshall, P.O. Box 8008, Cave Creek, AZ 85327.