Butch Cassidy’s folk hero image actually exceeded his outlawry. In 1898, a Chicago newspaper referred to him as the “King of the Bandits,” and the “worst man” in Utah, Colorado, Wyoming and Idaho. The article also claimed he was the leader of a gang of 500 outlaws, “subdivided into five bands.”
It’s not certain how many train robberies Butch actually participated in but he wasn’t the notorious train robber of lore. He was recognized at the Tipton robbery, but his name was added to the list of train robbers at Wilcox after he became famous. The Pinkertons believed Butch and Sundance were heading to Winnemucca, Nevada.
According to historians Dan Buck and Anne Meadows, seven train robberies were committed by various members of the gang; Malta in 1892; Wilcox and Folsom in 1899; Tipton in 1900; Wagner in 1901; Parachute in 1904; and Sanderson in 1912. Butch was not implicated in the Malta, Folsom, or Sanderson robberies. He was in Argentina at the time of the Parachute heist and dead when the train was robbed at Sanderson. So it looks like he participated in only one train robbery.