Mail service was infrequent and slow. From 1858 to 1861, the Butterfield Overland Mail transported the mail twice a week from St. Louis, Missouri, to San Francisco, California, in about 25 days. During its brief history, from April 1860 to October 1861, the Pony Express delivered a letter from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, in about 10 days. Trans-Western mail service continued to operate with Wells Fargo, Ben Holladay and Overland Mail lines. The U.S. government canceled its last overland mail contract on May 10, 1869, the day the Transcontinental Railroad was completed from Omaha, Nebraska, to Sacramento, California, reducing the time in transit for mail to a week or less.
Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian. His latest book is Wyatt Earp: Showdown at Tombstone. If you have a question, write:
Ask the Marshall, P.O. Box 8008, Cave Creek, AZ 85327 or e-mail him at email@example.com