Gen. Joseph Rodman West Mangas Coloradas true west magazine
Gen. Joseph Rodman West.

Mangas Coloradas was a great Apache chief, and he felt betrayed by the U.S.  Settlers and miners had been taking over Apache land in the Southwest, a violation of treaties. Mangas fought back, starting in 1860, but he faced a terrible end.

In January 1863, he came to talk peace with Gen. Joseph Rodman West.  But when the Apache reached Fort McLane in southwest New Mexico, he was captured, tortured and then murdered—supposedly as he tried to escape.  There was no peace—just more war between Apaches and the US for another 25 years.

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