In 1871, many Apache began flocking to the Camp Grant, AZ, area (photo) where they had access to food and supplies—in exchange for work.
Other Indians took another route, attacking white ranches and settlements. Many Arizonans blamed the Camp Grant Apache. At dawn on April 30, a group of nearly 150 Americans, Mexicans and Tohono O’odham Indians attacked the camp. Most of the Apache men were away hunting, leaving behind women, children and old people.
More than 100 Apache were killed; about 30 children were sold into slavery. No-one was ever punished for the Camp Grant Massacre.