Remembering a massacre near the “soldier house at Medicine Bluffs.”
Remembering a massacre near the “soldier house at Medicine Bluffs.”

Fort Sill is the first place that comes to mind when I think of Lawton, Oklahoma.

Especially during the month of May, which is when, in 1871, a wagon train loaded with corn was attacked by Kiowa chiefs on the road between Montana’s Fort Belknap and Texas’s Fort Richardson.
Seven men were killed on Capt. Henry Warren’s wagon, while one, Thomas Brazeale, escaped to Fort Richardson, some 20 miles away. He related to authorities that their Indian attackers had been from Fort Sill.

Today you can still visit the Sherman House, named for Gen. William Tecumesh Sherman after he arrested the Kiowa chiefs—Satanta, Satank and Big Tree—for what came to be known as the Warren Wagon Train massacre. Sherman’s party had passed by the Warren train just an hour before, but apparently Indian superstition had saved his party from attack.

During the post’s earliest days, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan was stationed here during winter 1869 to stop Indians from raiding settlements in Texas and Kansas. Some of the scouts who served at this fort included Buffalo Bill Cody and Jack Stilwell. The post was called Camp Wichita, then labeled the “soldier house at Medicine Bluffs” by the Indians and finally named Fort Sill after Sheridan’s friend, Brig. Gen. Joshua Sill, who was killed in the Civil War.

But Lawton is not just Fort Sill, and John Hernandez, executive director for the Museum of the Great Plains, shares why the city is worth scouting.

Good Cowboy Bar: CW Scooters, the city’s most popular bar since the Electric Cowboy closed.

Favorite Local Cuisine: Salas Mexican Restaurant & Cantina; I recommend the Deluxe Mexican dinner.

Best Art Gallery of the West: Leslie Powell Gallery, which showcases works by Oklahoma artists.

Best Spot to View Wildlife: Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, protecting Texas longhorn cattle, bison and the endangered Black-capped Vireo since 1901.

What historic site do most of the schoolchildren visit? The 1909 Mattie Beal Home, recently restored in 2005.

Do-Not-Miss Attractions: I admit my bias, but it’s true, the Museum of the Great Plains tops my list—especially its outdoor exhibits with the original Blue Beaver schoolhouse and the Elgin depot. And, of course, historic Fort Sill. Director Towana Spivey has just completed the museum’s new “Warrior’s Journey” exhibit.

Old West Attraction: Medicine Park, a resort that has seen the likes of Will Rogers, Pretty Boy Floyd, Roy Rogers & Dale Evans.

Event to Attend in May: The Tour of the Wichitas Bike Ride held on May 2 is a beautiful ride that includes stops at Fort Sill’s historic properties.

What radio personality do the locals listen to? Critter, on 94 FM, whose parting words of wisdom include “Any day above dirt is a good day.”

Average House Cost: $135,000.

Average Temperature: Summer ranges from 70s-high 90s; Winter ranges from 30s-mid-50s.

Who knows Lawton’s history best? Lynn Musslewhite, retired Cameron University professor and co-author of a biography on Kate Barnard (1875-1930).

Who’s the person in Lawton everyone knows? Lauren Nelson, Miss America 2007.

Preservation Project: Tar seep cleanup at Fort Sill. The project began in 1987 and wasn’t expected to be finished until 2014, but it was completed nine years early and $21.8 million under the projected cost.

Special thanks to John Hernandez, executive director for the Museum of the Great Plains, for sharing his love of the town with us.

Related Articles

  • statue

    To encourage our readers to visit this year’s winners of our Top 10 True Western…

  • Where folks love their history as much as they love their rodeo.

    Dr. L.V. Baker, a fourth-generation native and owner of Safari B Ranch, believes Elk City…

  • Oklahoma

    When Hollywood decided to make a movie adapted from the Broadway play Oklahoma in 1954…