Stand to Be Counted

Courtesy Library of Congress

Dakota Territory photographer David Francis Barry, well known for his portraits of Chief Joseph and Sitting Bull, recorded census day at the Sioux Agency at Standing Rock Agency in 1888. Chief Gall is standing between tables holding a cane, while Indian Agent James McLaughlin is seated by the table on the left. By order of Congress, a census had been held at the agency every year since 1885. According to a report in The Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times on November 25, 1888, there were “4,385 Sioux of the various bands” at Standing Rock.

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