The old saw about guns that “won the West” may be overstated, yet undoubtedly, armament did play a major role in frontier expansion along with the railroad, stagecoaches and other 19th- century technology. Certainly, collectors favor firearms, as indicated by Rock Island Auction Company’s February 14-17 Regional Gun Auction (#1032) with 7,136 lots, and Morphy-James Julia Auctions’ February 5-7 Field & Range Firearms sale with 2,578 lots. In both auctions, most of the listings dated from the 20th and 21st centuries, but several representations of the Old West were included.

targeted winchester 73 rifle true west magazine
Listed as a “Targeted” Winchester First Model 1873 Rifle, with special order set trigger, and factory letter, this opening lot at the Rock Island Auction of February 14-17, 2019, had a price realized of $8,625. — Courtesy Rock Island Auction Company —

For instance, the opening lot up for bid by Rock Island Auctions was a classic Winchester First Model 1873 lever-action in the popular “cowboy caliber” of .44 center fire. Estimates ran from $6,500 to $9,500, with the price realized coming in at $8,625. (All prices realized include buyer’s premium.) Another .44 caliber lever-action, a venerable 1865 New Haven Arms Company “Henry” Rifle, had an estimate of $9,500 to $16,000. The price realized went above this projection at $18,400, while a second example of a Henry with provenance to the Civil War 3rd Regiment U.S. Veteran Volunteer Infantry fell below the $20,000 to $30,000 estimate with a price realized of $17,250.

new haven arms company henry lever action rifle true west magazine
A fine New Haven Arms Company Henry Lever Action Rifle produced in 1866 was one of two offered at the Rock Island February auction; the one shown here sold for $18,400 with buyer’s premium.
— Courtesy Rock Island Auction Company —

While not in the same rarified range, two iconic Sharps Rifles were sold. The first, a Model 1874 A Series Sporting Rifle, had an estimated price of $4,500 to $7,000, while a Sharps Model 1853 Percussion Sporting Rifle was estimated to earn from $1,700 to $2,500. Each weapon brought $2,588 on the block.

first generation .41 caliber colt single action revolver carved handle true west magazine
Factory-engraved Colt Single Action revolvers, such as this First Generation .41-caliber piece with relief carved steer head grip, are examples of craftsmanship. The price realized was $5,463.
— Courtesy Rock Island Auction Company —

Turning to handguns, a handsome engraved .41 caliber First Generation Colt Single Action Army Revolver with relief carved steer head grip would have been the pride of every drover. It fell between the estimated price range of $4,500 to $6,500 at $5,463. In contrast, a Colt Single Action chambered for the .45-caliber U.S. Government round, was estimated at $1,800 to $2,750, but realized far more than that at $4,313.

armory bolt action long arm gun true west magazine
The U.S. Army’s Springfield, Massachusetts, Armory produced only 1,015 of these early bolt action long arms. After a trial, the concept was shelved and some of the weapons, such as this one, which sold for a $1,599 price realized, went to surplus. In this instance a law enforcement officer bought the piece.
— Courtesy Morphy Auctions —

The February 5-7, 2019, Morphy-James D. Julia auction was strong in U.S. martial ordnance, especially from the Spanish American War era through World War II. Several U.S. Army items from the antebellum era through the Civil War and the Indian Wars were available as well. Among these were two examples of early attempts by the American military to replace the long-lived “trapdoor” Springfield with a more modern bolt action in keeping with European trends. One of these was a Model 1871 Ward Burton Rifle estimated at $1,200 to 1,700, which sold for $1,599, and the other piece was a later effort to introduce a bolt action—a Model 1882 Chaffee-Reece Rifle. The relative rarity of this weapon contributed to its $6,400 price realized, which exceeded the $3,000 to $4,000 projection.

model 1882 chaffee reece rifle true west magazine
During the early 1880s the U.S. Army returned to experiments with the bolt action firearms, issuing a small quantity of Model 1882 Chaffee-Reece Rifles for trial by soldiers. These .45-caliber long arms briefly saw some service in the West. The price realized was $6,400.
— Courtesy Morphy Auctions —

One more mainstay of the frontier cavalry was the Colt-.45-caliber Single Action Army Revolver. A good example of this six-shooter in the shorter 5½-inch “Artillery” version received a $4,000 to $5000 estimate. When the bidding ended, the price realized was $6,400.

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