american indians smoke pipe marshall trimble true west magazine

What did American Indians smoke in their peace pipes?

Mark Evans
Clearfield, Pennsylvania

The Eastern tribes smoked tobacco. Out West, the tribes smoked kinnikinnick—tobacco mixed with herbs, barks and plant matter.

Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and vice president of the Wild West History Association. His latest book is Arizona Outlaws and Lawmen; The History Press, 2015. If you have a question, write: Ask the Marshall, P.O. Box 8008, Cave Creek, AZ 85327 or email him at

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